Aberdeen (United Kingdom)
Aberdeen is a city in the northeast of Scotland. It got the name “Silver City” because of the buildings made of gray granite. Aberdeen as a city is mentioned in the chronicles during the time of William the Conqueror, and even then it was known throughout Europe. In the XII-XIV centuries. it was the residence of the Scottish kings.
In the city you can see the majestic Gothic Cathedral (1336-1522), visit the Maritime Museum and the Art Gallery. Here is Duthie Park – the largest glass garden in Europe.
In 1495 in Aberdeen The University was founded to train doctors, teachers and clergy, as well as lawyers and administrators for the Scottish crown. In 1593, the Scottish Earl Marischal founded the second University of Aberdeen, named after him Marischal College. This came at a time when there were only two universities in all of Scotland, in Edinburgh and Glasgow. Both colleges merged in 1860 – this is how the modern Aberdeen University was born, whose rectors were the famous millionaire philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1911) and Sir Winston Churchill (1914). Nowadays, the University accepts many international students, so the city has a lively atmosphere.
Around Aberdeen there are 11 castles built between the 14th and 19th centuries. Among them is Balmoral, a royal castle built in 1855 by Prince Albert for his crowned wife Queen Victoria, in the amazingly beautiful place of Deeside.
Scotland is the land of whiskey. And having arrived in Aberdeen, you must definitely visit one of the factories for the production of this drink. You can take a trip through the Spey Valley with a visit to seven whiskey distilleries.
Aberdeen is located on the coast of the North Sea at the mouth of the River Dee, whose picturesque valley attracts many tourists. Its golden sandy beach is one of the longest in all of the UK.
West of Aberdeen Cairngorms National Park is located, where landscapes from high mountain tundra to pine forests are presented. You can often see deer and golden eagles in the park. In addition, there are several villages in the vicinity, so that tourists can not only enjoy the wild nature, but also join the rich cultural heritage by visiting local history museums and castles.
Belfast (Great Britain)
Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland. This is a rather unattractive industrial city. However, here you can find something interesting. The main feature of the center is Donegall Square, surrounded by impressive Victorian monuments. On Donegall Square is the town hall – a real example of mixed architectural styles. It also houses the Linen Hall Library, which houses the main treasures of Irish literature.
The High St. in north Belfast, known as the Entries, is the oldest part of it. It was practically destroyed by bombing during the Second World War, and now only a handful of pubs remain here, reflecting the spirit of the past. The building of the Grand Opera is also a landmark Belfast. It was bombed several times, but has been restored and now shines with wealth. The history and culture of the city is presented in the Ulster Museum next to the university. In the suburbs of Belfast are the zoo, Cave Hill Country Park, Belfast Castle, which theoretically dates back to the 12th century, but the current structure was built in 1870, and Stormont is the former seat of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, and is currently the residence of the Minister of Northern Ireland.
Birmingham (Great Britain)
According to baglib, Birmingham is located in the center of England. The first mention of it refers to the end of the XI century. From the 13th century he became widely known for his fairs. In the XVIII century. the city became the center of the industrial revolution and the place where the production of the first steam locomotives began. Over time, Birmingham has become a center of automotive production, and since 1976 – fairs and exhibitions.
The look of the city combines the past and the present: old industrial quarters with a modern center built up after the Second World War. For tourists, of particular interest are the Gothic church of St. Martin (XIII century), the Cathedral (1710-15) and the town hall (1832-52) in the style of classicism, the neo-Gothic St. Chad Cathedral (1839-41), Birmingham Museum and Art Gallerywith a collection of Pre-Raphaelite paintings, Barber Institute of Fine Arts Gallery. Birmingham
has some of the best concert halls in the country, a huge number of pubs, restaurants and nightclubs. Victoria Square is one of the favorite resting places of the townspeople themselves. Despite the fact that Birmingham is an industrial city and the country’s largest center of engineering and metalworking, it has a lot of greenery. It is said that it has more trees than inhabitants.
Bristol (Great Britain)
Bristol is located in the southwest of the UK. It stands on the River Avon, not far from its confluence with the Bristol Bay, and is its “sea gate”. The city was founded around the 6th century, and from the 12th century. becomes known as a port. During the colonization of North America and the West Indies (XVII – early XVIII centuries), it was one of the centers of the slave trade and trade in goods such as sugar and tobacco.
Bristol is located opposite the Avon Gorge with the world famous Clifton Suspension Bridge, designed and built under the direction of the famous English engineer Brunel. It was built in 1836-64. and has a length of about 230 m.
Bristol is a university city filled with an exciting nightlife, fashionable shopping centers, restaurants and shops. Medieval residential buildings, the late Romanesque half-timbered hospital of St. Peter (XII century), the Cathedral (begun in 1142, rebuilt in the Gothic style in the XIII – XV centuries), the Gothic church of St. Mary Radcliffe (XIII century – 1475), stock exchange (1740 – 43) in the style of classicism. There is a Bristol Museum and Art Gallery.
Glasgow (Great Britain)
Glasgow is a Scottish city in the northwest of Great Britain. It is the third most populous city in the country. Together with the suburbs and nearby cities, Glasgow forms the Clydeside conurbation with a population of 1.8 million people, being its center.
The name of the city most likely comes from the Celtic gleschu – a green valley or a favorite green place. The founding of the city dates back to the middle of the 6th century. In the Middle Ages, Glasgow was a small fishing village. William the Lionheart granted the city an official charter in 1175, after which the city began to grow, reaching its peak in the 15th century, when the university, the second largest in the country, was founded. During the industrial revolution and the development of the colonial expansion of Great Britain, in which the Scottish bourgeoisie also participated, Glasgow is turning into one of the most important industrial and port centers of the country.
Glasgow has an original architectural appearance. Wide straight streets with high-rise buildings, extensive parks adjoin huge port and industrial districts. There are many interesting buildings built in the Art Nouveau style. These include GlasgowSchool of Art, Queen’s Cross Church, Willow Tea Rooms, Daily Record Building, The Hill House. Glasgow School of Art is the greatest creation of the outstanding architect and designer Glasgow Charles René Mackintosh, built 1897-1909. Among the earlier architectural monuments, the Gothic Cathedral (1181 – 1508), Trades Hall (1791 – 1799) and the stock exchange (1829 – 1830) built in the style of classicism should be distinguished. In the church of Reverend John Duns Scotus, part of the relics of St. Valentine rest, where they were transferred in 1999.
Glasgow is considered the center of the arts in Scotland and hosts numerous festivals. There are more than 30 art galleries and museums in the city, including the famous Burella Collection, as well as the Art Gallery, one of the richest museums and galleries in Europe.