Natural attractions of Malaysia
Among the natural attractions of Malaysia include the Batu Caves caves, which are located near Kuala Lumpur. Here is the temple of the Tamil god Subramanian, and in late January – early February, the Tamils celebrate the holiday “taipusam” – a magnificent and eerie cleansing ceremony. In the caves you need to climb a ladder of 272 steps, and those who made a vow to God carry kavadi – bulky chains, some of which are stuck directly into the body.
According to beautypically, Mount Kinabalu in the northeast of Kalimantan is the highest point in the country, the capital of the state of Sabah, the city of Kota Kinabalu, is named after it. The mountain is revered as the abode of the souls of the dead ancestors of the islanders. Nearby, above the sea, there are 25 caves in which swallows nest. The caves were once the tombs of the Idahani tribe, but now swallows’ nests are mined here in spring and autumn. Nests mined with danger to life are sold in Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong Kong, where exotic soups are prepared from them.
National parks, which preserve the flora and fauna of the jungle, also belong to natural monuments. Located in the north of Malacca, the Taman Negara park (area – 1680 sq. Km), founded by the British in 1938, is the main refuge of rare animals: tigers, elephants, wild cows, Sumatran rhinos, panthers, as well as wild boars, deer and etc. Huge trees densely entwined with vines, wide leaves of all shades of green, bright large flowers with delicate petals, thin lace of giant ferns embody the splendor, grandiosity and multicolor of the jungle.
Another reserve is organized in the very north of the country, on the border with Thailand, near Lake Temengor, on the hilly shores of which the original jungle has also been preserved. On the beaches of the eastern Malacca state of Terengganu, there is a wildlife sanctuary in which huge sea turtles lay their eggs in the summer. There are other parks – Bako, Templer, etc.
Cultural attractions in Malaysia
Borneo. The name itself sounds like music. This huge island, located right on the equator, in the view of Europeans has always been a place of the most incredible exotic. This is a country of vast primeval forests, majestic mountains, caves, unique flora and fauna, various nationalities. These places are famous, first of all, for their extraordinary nature: dense tropical jungles, rare species of animals and birds, and crystal clear waters of the sea. Endless sandy beaches are protected from waves by coral islands scattered along the entire coast. The island of Borneo (Kalimantan) is located in the South China Sea between the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines. The island is divided between three states – Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei.
Desaru is one of the many resorts in Malaysia. In Desaru, which translates as “land of causarines”, you will be greeted with all the splendor of a tropical resort. Luxurious beaches and magnificent azure sea, lush tropical vegetation… Fans of outdoor activities will find everything they need here: windsurfing, diving equipment, boats with and without sails, canoes. A walk through the jungle will introduce you to the life of exotic birds and insects. You can arrange to spend the night in a tent under a sky full of bright tropical stars. Visit Tanjung Pengalih and see the structures left there from the Second World War, or visit the Johor Lama, which is over 450 years old… Desaru transforms as the sun goes down. The doors of restaurants, bars, nightclubs swing open…
Kuala Lumpur – the capital of the Federation of Malaysia – is located in the western part of the Malaysian Peninsula. The city covers an area of more than 35 kilometers. Kuala Lumpur received the status of the capital on February 1, 1972 and was proclaimed a federal territory in 1974. Today the population of the capital is about 2 million people. Kuala Lumpur, often referred to simply as KL by Malaysians themselves (Kai El – “City of Gardens and Lights”), is full of bustle: the city is the center of politics, entertainment, and international activity. Kuala Lumpur is the largest metropolis in Asia, immersed in greenery and flowers, where chic modern skyscrapers harmoniously fit into the ancient culture. The architecture of the city is diverse and many-sided.
Langkawi is a group of 104 small tropical islands located along the northwest coast of Malaysia. The main and largest of them is known as Pulau Langkawi and is located in the northern part of the Strait of Malacca near the Andaman Sea. Langkawi means “red eagle” in Malay. Eagles with brick-colored wings really live there – in the city of Kuah there is a huge “monument” to this bird. At the pier of this city, located in the southeast of the island, tourists who come by ferry to Langkawi land. In the past, it was a simple city with a few streets, but now it is a thriving center with chic hotels, shopping and business complexes. Langkawi is an ideal place for diving, fishing and boat trips.
Pangkor is located near the west coast. This delightful island was discovered by one of the sea travelers. The island is quite small, but despite this, you can find everything you need for a good rest. Its maximum length is twelve kilometers, and its greatest width is four. Malaysian Muslims live on it – fishermen, as well as Indians and Chinese, who are significantly fewer than the first. This hilly island is covered with forests and numerous streams flow on it. The ocean waters here have a sapphire blue color, and natural fine sand delights beach lovers. Pangkor Island is an oasis of untouched jungle, coral reefs, emerald bays. Pasir Giam beach is one of the most beautiful places on the island.
Penang is rightly called the “Pearl of the East”. The beaches of Penang are a heavenly idyll of calm and silence – golden sand, clear blue water, small caves, fenced off from the outside world by huge boulders. The history of the island goes back several centuries. First, the Indians were the masters in Penang, then the Portuguese, then the Dutch. The British, who came to the island in 1786 in search of spices, named it Prince of Wales Island, and the settlement that soon appeared was named Georgetown in honor of King George III. Georgetown quickly turned into a trading city, where East and West, blood and traditions of different peoples bizarrely mixed. Tourists are very fond of visiting the mosques, Buddhist and Chinese temples of Penang.
Tioman is part of the Pahang National Park, located 60 km from the east coast of mainland Malaysia. It is the largest reef system in the South China Sea. Tioman – the island shown in the Hollywood musical “South Pacific” is considered one of the most beautiful in Asia. Tioman is also one of the ten most beautiful and cleanest islands in the world. Nature endowed it with unique beauty, and people surrounded it with a haze of ancient legends. White sandy beaches and crystal clear blue waters attract tourists from all over the world. Tioman hotels absolutely do not resemble European ones. As a rule, these are small chalets with 6-8 rooms, made in the national style from natural wood and not recognizing all kinds of ceramic tiles and marble.