In the 12th century, the Spaso-Efrosinevsky convent was founded in Polotsk. It is the oldest surviving monastery in the country. It was founded by St. Euphrosyne of Polotsk – the granddaughter of Vladimir Monomakh, who became the first woman in Russia to be canonized as a saint. The first major building of the Spaso-Efrosinevsky Monastery was the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral. It was erected in 1161 by master John. The relics of St. Euphrosyne of Polotsk are buried in the cathedral and fragments of cathedral frescoes of the 12th century have been preserved. In 1897 the Holy Cross Cathedral was built in the monastery. In 2000, a monument to the patroness of Belarus, St. Euphrosyne of Polotsk, was erected between St. Sophia and Spaso-Efrosinevsky Cathedrals. In Polotsk, the remains of the Borisoglebsky monastery of the 12th century, a huge boulder “Borisov stone” with inscriptions of the 12th century, ” Peter ‘s house I “1692, the Jesuit Collegium of 1750, the Epiphany Monastery of 1779 and the Lutheran church of the early 20th century. In the vicinity of the city, settlements and settlements of the 6th-8th centuries were excavated. All historical sights of Polotsk are under the protection of the National Polotsk Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve, which was founded in 1967.
According to cachedhealth, 201 km from Minsk in the eastern part of Belarus on the banks of the Dnieper is the regional center – the city of Mogilev… It was founded in 1267, when a fortress was erected at the confluence of the Dubrovenka River with the Dnieper. The main architectural monument of Mogilev is the complex St. Nicholas Convent. It includes the oldest Orthodox church in the city – Nicholas Cathedral of the early 16th century. Next to the Nicholas Church in 1793, the Onufriev Church was erected. At the turn of the 17th-18th centuries, stone residential buildings, a fence with a gate and a belfry were built here. In the center of the city stands the Church of St. Stanislaus of the 18th century. From religious buildings in Mogilev also of interest are the Borisoglebskaya church of 1869, the partially preserved far church of Casemir of 1604, rebuilt in the 19th century in the style of classicism, the Exaltation of the Cross Church of the 17th century and the Cathedral of the Three Hierarchs of 1914. On the high city rampart in 1762-1785 the palace of George Konissky was built. The city has preserved many residential buildings of the 18th-19th centuries, as well as a memorial arch of 1780, the building of the former City Council of the 19th century and the building of the regional theater of 1886-1888. A memorial complex “To the Fighters for Soviet Power” with the Eternal Flame was erected on Sovetskaya Square. Saltanovskaya Chapel stands 12 km from Mogilev on the site of a major battle of the Patriotic War of 1812. The city is located 110 km southwest of Mogilev.
Bobruisk. The first mention of Bobruisk dates back to 1387. In the 16th century, the famous Bobruisk Castle was built in Bobruisk, rebuilt at the beginning of the 19th century, which did not succumb even to Napoleon’s army. The current look of the Bobruisk fortress was acquired in 1836, after in 1810 Alexander I signed a decree on the construction of a powerful fortress on the site of ancient fortifications on the banks of the Berezina River. Already by 1811, the Russian flag was raised over the fortress. It consisted of 5 bastions, surrounded by ramparts and deep ditches, and was considered one of the most powerful in Russia. After the Patriotic War of 1812, when the fortress did not surrender to the French, new fortifications were completed here. Today in Belarus only the Brest fortress can be compared with the Bobruisk fortress. Various fortifications have been preserved on its territory, and many tunnels have been laid under the fortress.
On the outskirts of Bobruisk, in a picturesque park on the banks of the Berezina River, there is a balneo-mud resort – a sanatorium named after V.I. Lenin, which specializes in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, peripheral nervous system, digestive organs, chronic diseases of the respiratory and urogenital organs, metabolic disorders.
In the eastern part of the Mogilev region is the city of Krichev . It is known for being presented to Grigory Potemkin by Catherine II. In 1778, Potemkin ordered to build a luxurious palace here. The architect of the palace was the great Russian architect I.V. Starov is the author of the project for the Tauride Palace in St. Petersburg. The Potemkin Palace has actually become one of the most beautiful palace complexes in Russia. It was surrounded by a vast park and orchard. In terms of its structure, it looks like the letter “E”, possibly in honor of Catherine II. A solemn wedding hall and a local history museum are located on two floors of the palace.
70 km southeast of Mogilev is the city of Slavgorod. For the first time these places are mentioned in 1136 under the names Propoysk or Proposhesk. But the Russian-Swedish battle near Propoisk in 1708 brought all-Russian fame to the city, when Russian troops fought the Swedish battalions heading to Moscow for two weeks. At the beginning of the 20th century, in honor of the events of 1708, near the village of Lesnaya, a memorial chapel of the Apostle Peter and a marble monument were erected on this site in honor of the events of 1708.
To the south of the Mogilev region is the Gomel region. Most tourists come here to go along the “Golden Ring of the Gomel Region”, covering the most ancient cities not only of the region, but of the whole country. Gomel, Loev, Rechitsa, Yurovichi, Mozyr are included in the “Golden Ring of the Gomel Region”, Turov, Krasny Bereg, Chechersk and Vetka.