Author: equzhou

Kyrgyzstan Political System

Political system Short for KG by Abbreviationfinder, Kyrgyzstan formally became a parliamentary democracy in 2010, when a new constitution was adopted in a referendum. The power of the legislative parliament was strengthened at the expense of the president who had previously...

Kuwait Political System

Political system According to the 1962 constitution, Kuwait is an emirate (a kind of monarchy) and the country’s ruler, the emir, has great power. Short for KW by Abbreviationfinder, Kuwait, as the first country among the small states of the Persian...

Kazakhstan Political System

Political system Short for GOK by Abbreviationfinder, Kazakhstan is a republic whose 1995 constitution gives the president great powers. Constitutional changes from 2017 strengthened Parliament vis-à-vis the government, at the same time as the president was given the position of “highest...

Japan Political System

Political system Since Japan was defeated in World War II, the occupying power was the US main goal to disarm and democratize the country. The 1947 Constitution therefore states that Japan should be a parliamentary democracy with fundamental freedoms and rights....

Israel Political System

Political system Short for IL by Abbreviationfinder, Israel is a parliamentary democracy. Two major parties – the Labor Party (left) and Likud (right) – dominated politics until 2005. Since then, the political landscape has moved sharply to the right. Likud stands...

Iraq Political System

Political system Short for IZ by Abbreviationfinder, Iraq’s constitution aims to reconcile the disparate interests of different groups of people. There are many different parties, but the politics are largely divided between Kurds and Sunni and Shiite Arabs. Most major parties...

Iran Political System

Political system Since 1979, Iran has a constitution based on the revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini’s idea of ​​a state based on religious grounds, a state of God (theocracy). Islamic law, sharia, forms the basis of Iranian law and religious courts....

Indonesia Political System

Political system Short for IN by Abbreviationfinder, Indonesia is a republic whose president is elected in direct general elections. The president has great powers of power and chooses his own government. In Indonesian governments, there are usually ministers from both moderate...

India Political System

Political system Short for IN by Abbreviationfinder, India is a republic and federal state with 28 states. The country’s president is the head of state, but the central power lies with the government and its prime minister. However, the Länder are...

East Timor Political System

Political system Short for TP by Abbreviationfinder, East Timor became an independent nation on May 20, 2002 after 25 years of Indonesian occupation. The country is a republic, whose president is the head of state and commander-in-chief. According to the constitution,...

Cyprus Political System

Political system Formally, short for CY by Abbreviationfinder, Cyprus is a united state but in practice the island has been divided since 1974, when Turkey invaded the northern third. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriots formally proclaimed their own state which, however,...

China Political System

Political system Short for CH by Abbreviationfinder, China has a legislative parliament, the National People’s Congress, which appoints a president and a prime minister. But there are no free and fair elections under democratic forms. In fact, the country has been...

Cambodia Political System

Political system Short for KH by Abbreviationfinder, Cambodia is a kingdom with a parliamentary multi-party system and market economy. Regular elections are held but the democratic shortcomings are large and the country is completely dominated by the CPP government party, which...

Burma Political System

Political system In 2008, Myanmar was given a new constitution that paved the way for a transition from military to civilian rule. But despite the general elections now being held, the Constitution gives the armed forces continued great influence over politics....

Brunei Political System

Political system Short for BN by Abbreviationfinder, Brunei is a hereditary sultanate. In practice, the Sultan governs easily and sets up his own government. The Sultan has introduced a state ideology called “Malay Islamic Monarchy”. According to it, Brunei is governed...

Bhutan Political System

Political system Short for BT by Abbreviationfinder, Bhutan has undergone a gradual transition from a monarchy where the king had absolute power to parliamentary democracy. The country was given a written constitution for the first time in 2008 and the first...

Bangladesh Political System

Political system Short for BD by Abbreviationfinder, Bangladesh is a parliamentary republic. Two parties – the Awami League and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (GDP) – have switched from one another to power since the early 1990s. The policy is characterized by...

Bahrain Political System

Political system Following a constitutional change in 2002, short for BA by Abbreviationfinder, Bahrain is formally a constitutional monarchy with a two-chamber parliament, Majlis al-Watani. In practice, the Al Khalifa family still rules. The former emir is now titled King. The...

Bahrain Political System

Political system Following a constitutional change in 2002, short for BA by Abbreviationfinder, Bahrain is formally a constitutional monarchy with a two-chamber parliament, Majlis al-Watani. In practice, the Al Khalifa family still rules. The former emir is now titled King. The...

Armenia Political System

Political system Clan loyalties and a lack of democratic traditions characterize politics in Armenia short for AM by Abbreviationfinder. The president has had the strongest influence in a political system where parliament and parties have been weak. A constitutional change that...

Afghanistan Political System

Political system Short for AF by Abbreviationfinder, Afghanistan is an Islamic republic led by a president with great powers. The elected parliament is divided because the members are not allowed to represent parties. Despite the president’s formally strong position, local leaders,...