Garry Kasparov Chess Record

Garry Kasparov, chess is a Russian political activist and former world champion. Many people he regarded as the best chess player of all time. Today he is protesting against the regime of Russian president Vladimir Putin. He still promotes chess around the world.

Youth

Garry was born in 1963 in Baku, Azerbaijan, then part of the Soviet Union. His father taught him chess when he was five and he immediately showed talent. Seven years later, at the age of twelve he won the Soviet junior Championship a year later what he does about it. More five years later, not yet eighteen, he won the World Championship for juniors and with the status of master. The same year he makes his debut for the Soviet team in the Olympics, World Cup national teams at Bay.

Only

Already as a teenager he belonged to the world while he is still growing as a player. Twice, he was tied for first in the national championship in the USSR and in 1963 he qualified for the preliminary rounds of the WORLD CUP, as only Bobby Fischer did it at a younger age. Around that time he also won his first major international tournament and reached the second place in the FIDE ratinglista. Only Anatoly Karpov managed to stay one step ahead of him. Kasparov won the first tournament of candidates Alexander Beliavsky and Viktor Kortsjnoi. In the final he defeated former world champion Vasily Smyslov in Vilnius and he had the right to challenge Karpov for the world title.

Only

The first of many matches against Karpov came in 1984. The shape of the world, however, was mentally exhausting. The winner was six parties win. How many terminals have also played there made no difference. Initially, it seemed not to do this: Karpov won four of the first nine parties seemed to rely on a simple extension of his title. Nothing was further from the truth. The parties 10 to 26 actually ended in a draw. The 27th party also won Karpov to make it 5-0, he needed a party to win the match. Then came the turnaround. Of the next 20 games, Kasparov won and he made it 5-3. The game at the time, was more than five months and the players were exhausted. For that reason the match was canceled.
The second match took place a year later in another format: a best of 24. Who won so took the first 12.5 points. At 12-12 should Karpov win the current champion. After Kasparov won the first game, he lost the fourth and fifth parties. In the 11th party came back and made the score level, Garry. Even the 16th game he won brilliantly again and again in the 19th. Karpov had to win both parties to engage more with the four parties, which he failed. In a booth 11-12 for Kasparov won the 24th party to win his first World Championship with 11-13.

Holds the title and break with FIDE

Because Karpov was when the match was demolished in 1984, he was entitled to a rematch. This is Kasparov won with 12.5 to 11.5. The same year, Karpov won Kandi Tate matches, Kasparov could challenge for a fourth match in 1987, which Kasparov won with only: 12-12. Now he was world champion and had established itself as the best chess player he could form an opposition to FIDE, the World Chess Federation. He founded his own federation, GMA. Even if this led to a conflict with FIDE, he was still world champion, FIDE and he could extend his championship title against Anatoly Karpov …! Karpov won again with difficulty: 12.5 to 11.5. Overall, Kasparov and Karpov for the world title is played 144 lots, a record. 104 ended in a draw, Kasparov won 21 and lost 19. It is seen as the biggest rivalry between two chess, which, however, were friends and still is.
In 1993 came the final break with FIDE. Karpov was older and may the British Grandmaster Nigel Short in the final of the candidates does not match defeat. They played their match under their new Chess Federation: PCA. This ensured that there were two different world champions at the same time. Kasparov won his match against Karpov and short with 12.5 to 7.5 could challenge the Dutch Jan Timman for the FIDE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP. Karpov won and was thereby while executing with world champion Kasparov. This title would remain split until 2006!

Later chess career

In the early 90 ‘s marked the beginning of the careers of many young top players, many of which until today still ranks among the world’s. One of them was the current world champion Viswanathan Anand. He was defeated in the Candidates Matches present # 2 American Gata Kamsky, who in turn current Russian # 1 and former world champion Vladimir Kramnik defeated. The match between Anand and Kasparov played on 107: th floor of the World Trade Center in New York and after opening with eight consecutive moves, Kasparov won with 10.5 to 7.5. Years it not economically managed to organize a match between Kasparov and a challenger. Shirov beat Kramnik in the final of the candidates tournament but there was no money to organise themselves in order to match. Anand even without replay could be arranged. Meanwhile, Kasparov played two matches against IBM’s supercomputer Deep Blue. Both parties won one of the games. Just five years later, in 2000, a match with Kramnik.
Kramnik had on this match very well prepared. He had found a hole in the Berlin defense that couldn’t crack the Kasparov and Kasparov didn’t win any match. But Kramnik won two games and thus the match. For the first time since 1985, Kasparov was world champion no more. “Yet he continued when it comes to rating the best player in the world. In 1999, he had ever achieved the highest rating: 2851. This classification is only this year decreased by Magnus Carlsen. By break with FIDE could be organised no more WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS together those of FIDE. FIDE World Champions was not among the best in the world. He went around the table with FIDE and tried one of these world champion, Ruslan Ponomariov, Rustam Kasimdzanov but FIDE proposed that come out. Tired of the hassle of FIDE, Kasparov ended his chess career in January 2005 to focus on his political career and his love, the Kasparov Chess Foundation.

Political career

In 2006, he founded the United Civil Front, showing his Web site, “pro-democratic organization that focuses on crimes against Vladimir Putin’s rights. ” He is still the leader of this group. The UCF he wants democratic elections Russia trying to enforce and to shut off power dictatorial model in Russia he wrote the 2007 book on making decisions:.. How life imitates chess after he had participated in several protest marches and he organized was seen as a serious threat and in 2007 he Mr Putin was arrested by the regime. Because of his status as a national hero, they could not make him much. The same year, he could not stand for election as president, since he could not find a place where 500 of its supporters were at the same time. It is suspected that all the pressure regime of Putin considered to rent his house to Kasparov. In 2012, he was arrested when they protested for Sex Riot, a punk band that also protested against Putin’s regime.

Influence

Kasparov is considered by many as the best chess player of all time. He broke the first barrier of ratings in 2800, including Bobby Fischer was unable to break his record and rating of 2851 has only recently broken by Magnus Carlsen. He has been world champion for 15 years. For interest parties need only to Google. Websites like Chessgames.com provide all parties, usually with comments from other chess players. He wrote more than 20 books on both chess and politics and is a source of inspiration for many young and old chess player and promoter of democracy. because he was the favorite public is Putin’s regime may not give him much and he will keep up the pressure as President of the opposition.

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